Imaging Case of the Week 291 Answer

The chest x-ray shows a C-shaped ring in the middle of the cardiac shadow; this is due to mitral annular calcification.

Mitral annular calcification is a condition seen in the elderly. It may lead to mild mitral regurgitation, but is rarely associated with stenosis.

It is typically seen in hypercalcaemic states (e.g. end stage renal disease). It is also associated with infective endocarditis, embolic transient ischaemic attacks, and AV conduction disturbance.

Reference: Grainger & Allison’s Diagnostic Radiology Essentials.

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